Chaotic Dynamics in the 2D System of Nonsmooth Ordinary Differential Equations
Keywords:Chaos, Nonlinear dynamics, 2-D Systems
Over the last decade, the chaotic behaviors of dynamical systems have been extensively explored. Recently, discovering or developing a 2D system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) capable of exhibiting
chaotic dynamical behaviors is an attractive research topic. In this study, a chaotic system with a 2D system of
nonsmooth ODEs has been developed. This system is can exhibit chaotic dynamical behaviors. Its main dynamical behaviors, including time-series trajectories, phase portraits of attractors, and equilibria and their stability, have been investigated. The developed system has been verified by an excessive variety of fascinating chaotic behaviors, such as chaotic attractor, symmetry, sensitivity to initial conditions (ICs), fractal dimension, autocorrelation, power spectrum, Lyapunov exponent, and bifurcation diagram. Analytical and numerical simulations are used to study the dynamical behaviors of such a system. The developed system has extreme sensitivity to ICs, a fractal dimension of more than 1.8 and less than 2.05, an autocorrelation fluctuating randomly about an average of zero, a broadband power spectrum, and one positive Lyapunov exponent. The obtained numerical simulation results have proven the capability of the developed 2D system for exciting chaotic dynamical behaviors
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Copyright (c) 2022 Zain-Aldeen S. A. Rahman, Basil H. Jasim, Yasir I. A. Al-Yasir
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